Self-Modulation of Rectus Femoris Reflex Excitability in Humans

Kyoungsoon Kim, working with his colleagues Tunc Akbas, Robert Lee, Kathleen Manella, and James Sulzer, has published the paper, "Self-Modulation of Rectus Femoris Reflex Excitability in Humans" in the journal, "Scientific Reports." This work was funded in part by NC NM4R and performed with consultation from NC NM4R faculty Aiko Thompson.

Abstract

Hyperreflexia is common after neurological injury such as stroke, yet clinical interventions have had mixed success. Our previous research has shown that hyperreflexia of the rectus femoris (RF) during pre-swing is closely associated with reduced swing phase knee flexion in those with post-stroke Stiff-Knee gait (SKG). Thus, reduction of RF hyperreflexia may improve walking function in those with post-stroke SKG. A non-pharmacological procedure for reducing hyperreflexia has emerged based on operant conditioning of H-reflex, an electrical analog of the spinal stretch reflex. It is currently unknown whether operant conditioning can be applied to the RF. This feasibility study trained 7 participants (5 neurologically intact, 2 post-stroke) to down-condition the RF H-reflex using visual feedback. We found an overall decrease in average RF H-reflex amplitude among all 7 participants (44% drop, p < 0.001, paired t-test), of which the post-stroke individuals contributed (49% drop). We observed a generalized training effect across quadriceps muscles. Post-stroke individuals exhibited improvements in peak knee-flexion velocity, reflex excitability during walking, and clinical measures of spasticity. These outcomes provide promising initial results that operant RF H-reflex conditioning is feasible, encouraging expansion to post-stroke individuals. This procedure could provide a targeted alternative in spasticity management.